The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog is intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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    Effect of eating frequency on adiposity

    Researchers at the University of California, in Berkeley, studied girls, 9 to 20 years old.

    First, the details.

    • Data from 3-day diet records were collected from 2372 girls ages 9–10 to 19–20 years.
    • Meal, snack, and total eating frequencies over the first 2 study years were examined in relation to the 10-year change in BMI and waist circumference.

    And, the results.

    • Eating frequency was significantly lower in black and older girls vs white and younger girls.
    • In whites…
      • Lower snack and total eating frequencies were significantly related to increases in BMI and waist circumference.
    • In blacks…
      • Lower meal and snack frequencies were related to significantly greater increases in BMI and waist circumference.
      • Lower total eating frequency was related to significantly greater increases in waist circumference.
    • Total eating frequency remained significantly related to greater 10-year increases in BMI after adjusting for potentially confounding factors: baseline adiposity, race, parental education, physical activity, television and video viewing, total energy intake, and dieting for weight loss.

    The bottom line?

    The authors concluded, “A lower eating frequency predicts a greater gain in adiposity in adolescent females.”

    Interesting but others have made similar observations. For example…

    • Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, in Worcester, reported, “Skipping breakfast was associated with increased prevalence of obesity.”
    • Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, reported, “A protective effect of an increased daily meal frequency on obesity in children… appeared to be independent of other risk factors for childhood obesity.

    1/23/12 20:27 JR

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