The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog is intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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    If you found the information here helpful, please consider supporting this site.If you found the information here helpful, please consider supporting this site.

  • Recent Posts

  • Recent Comments

    Music therapy for patients with heart disease?

    Some changes are reported.

    But from a practical perspective, the benefits of music are unclear, according to this Cochrane review.

    First, the details.

    • 23 studies that included 1461 patients were reviewed.
    • Additional information was sought from the study researchers when necessary.

    And, the results.

    • Music listening has a moderate but inconsistent effect on anxiety in patients with coronary heart disease.
    • Listening to music reduces heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure.
    • Studies that included 2 or more music sessions showed a small and consistent pain-reducing effect.
    • There wasn’t strong evidence for reducing psychological distress.
    • No evidence peripheral skin temperature effects.
    • No study measured changes in hormone levels.
    • Only one study measured quality of life.

    The bottom line?
    Based on the results of studies that used pre-recorded music, the authors concluded, “the evidence is not strong and the clinical significance unclear.”

    OK, but it’s music.

    What did the reviewers expect: decreased hospitalizations, reduced need for statins, lower mortality?


    Isn’t decreased anxiety and improved vital signs — including reduced pain — enough to turn on an easy listening radio station?

    4/16/09 13:20 JR

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